Hai Su Dien Bien Phu Rice Store.
ADD: Kios No 2_Center Market No 1 of Dien Bien Phu City_Dien Bien Province.
PHONE : 0230.827.871 HOTLINE: 090.89.666.19
EMAIL: Địa chỉ email này đã được bảo vệ từ spam bots, bạn cần kích hoạt Javascript để xem nó.   • WEB: www.gaotamdienbien.com

Dear  All !

 Dien Bien is located in the north-west region of Vietnam.
Administratively  it is a new province with a population of 440,000 and a land area of 9,554 km. The two overwhelming features of the province are its mountainous terrain and the high proportion of ethnic minorities.
Soil fertility, temperatures, rainfall, and humidity endow the province with the potential to produce high quality rice. However these conditions are localised to the Mường Thanh  Valley which is irrigated by the Nam Rom Irrigation System with a complete canal network. Rice is the dominant crop. Production about 40,000 ha of land are devoted to rice production in Dien Bien. This results in production of round 120,000 tonnes paddy basis or around 84,000 tonnes milled basis.Production occurs in both the lowlands and the uplands.
Most of the Dien Bien irrigated rice is grown in the lowlands, especially in the Summer – Autumn season. This is when the availability of water is the most favourable.However, this is also the time when the incidence of pests and diseases is the highest.
Production conditions in the Dien Bien Valley mean that the quantity and quality of the rice grown there is higher than in the highlands. Around 6 000 ha of the Valley area isdevoted to rice production. Because of soil fertility, climatic suitability, and access to water,most of the Valley can be double cropped.The evolution of rice types in the lowlands has followed the following pattern over the past 30 years: Tap Giao to Bao Thai and IR61 to CR 203 to IR64 to the aromatic Huong Thom and Bac Thom.

Sticky rice types are also grown in lowlands. In the main, their eating quality is considered lower than that of upland sticky rice. They are grown by Kinh, Thai and Kho Mu groups. A variety of lowland sticky rice varieties are found, however the most commonly seen in the markets are lowland Khau Tan Ruong, Nep Can Bo
, C 97, IR 352, and Nep Xoi Thuong. The potential to expand lowland sticky rice production is considered much greater than that of the upland sticky rices. This is due essentially to the availability of land that is not sloping and access to water through irrigation.Rice is vital to the uplands. This is because rice provides not only the major form of
sustenance but also the means of raising income as families sell a part of their introduction to fund everyday expenses. Whilst irrigated rice production does occur in the uplands, it represents a very small percentage of total upland area planted to rice. Upland rice production more commonly occurs under extensive, rain-fed production conditions. This includes shifting cultivation and slash-and-burn practices. In the main, yields are low and soil degradation is increasing. Alley cropping, mulching, contour farming, and intercropping would assist arresting the declining soil fertility. Even simple measures like leaving rice straw on the fields for natural decomposition would assist.

Upland rain-fed rice growing in generally not encouraged by the province. Upland rice is gradually reducing as the land on which it grows is used for reforestation. At the same time, the province is encouraging farmers to convert rice dry-land farming into terraces by a subsidy of VND 2.5 m for making one ha of dry terraces or VND 5.0 m for transforming sloping lands into irrigated terraces. As with lowland rice production, there has been an evolution in the types of sticky rice grown in the uplands. This is shown below: Khau Luong Phuong to Nep Cam to Nep Nuong Thom (big grain) to Khau Pe and Nep Nuong Thom (small grain) to Khau Tan Nuong to Nep Nuong Thuong.  A well know upland ordinary rice is Te Thailand. Whilst it probably originated from Thailand, the variety is now common in the uplands of Northwest Vietnam. The rice isproduced under rain-fed systems by the H’mong people. It is sold in the region for special occasions such as wedding, holidays and Tet. It is also consumed on a daily basis by consumers in Hanoi and higher income consumers in Dien Bien.

IR 64
Ordinary rice IR 64 a conventional variety of the IRRI provenance. It has been introduced to Dien Bien by decades ago, first in the Dien Bien State Farm and nowadays it becomes one of principal ordinary rice grown in two seasons in the lowlands. Although this variety is grown widely in Vietnam, it is commonly acknowledged that IR 64 grown in Dien Bien province, and more specifically in Dien Bien valley, is most appreciated. That why IR 64 has nickname “Dien Bien rice”. It shared from 30 to 60 percent of rice area in the lowland. In Winter-Spring 2005-06, DARD advices the lowland districts (Dien Bien and Tuan Giao) allocate average 40 – 45 percent area for IR 64. Depending on level of intensive cultivation, IR 64 yield is around average 7.0 – 7.5 tonnes ranging largely between 5.5 to 9.0 tonnes/ha/crop. Lower yield occurred with poor households and ethnic families, because: lower dose of FYM, chemical fertilizers and poor pest control.

Tam Thom Dien Bien
Precise name “Bac Thom ”. It can be grown in both two crops in lowlands. In term of growth duration, input requirements and potential yield, it is very similar to IR 64,however is aromatic and highly attractive to pests and diseases, particularly plant hopher and leaf blast. It needs strict control by chemicals, otherwise, the crop is risky to heavy loss (for instance, in Summer 2002). The rice is highly adapted to acidic soil and cold and hot climate.Tam Thom has very good eating quality: soft, non-sticky and aromatic. Its aroma is highly appreciated by consumers, including those in Hanoi who have access to many rice types.That’s why the traders give it the commercial name “Tam Thom Dien Bien” (quality aromatic rice from Dien Bien).

Te Thom Dien Bien
Precise name “Huong Thom No 1”. It can be grown in two crops in lowlands. Its main advantages are dwarf (100 cm tall), short growth duration suitable for cropping system arrangement; resistance to soil acidity and cold. Its potential yield is high. However, it is sensitive to phytophtora, leaf blast and planthopher, and risky to be lost if pest control is not duly done. Thanks to special taste and aroma, it is known by consumers in Dien Bien and outside of the province.

Te Thailand
This is probably originated from Thailand, but produced in uplands of Northwest Vietnam.. It is one of few upland ordinary well-known rice varieties. The rice is sown in rain-fed systems by Hmong people. Te Thailand sold in Dien Bien city market is brought from truckers who in cooperation with Thai collectors to buy from the highlands, such as Xi Pa Phin, Muong Lay, Muong Nhe or Muong Cha (100-300 km). It is included into high  quality rice group and can be seen in every local markets, including the urban centers. The rice is consumed daily by Hanoi people and Dien Bien urban people. The local medium families buy this rice in small amount in special occasions, such as in wedding, holidays and New Year.

Upland sticky rice (USR)
Upland rice is cultivated only one Summer-Autumn crop with predominant upland sticky rice (USRs). The best quality of sticky rice varieties are grown on the plands.These cultivars are grown rain-fed and no fertilizer is applied, therefore USR yield quite low varying much on rainfall fluctuation.
SRs are grown in both lowlands and uplands of Dien Bien. However, upland varieties are more diverse and many of them are well known with high eating quality. Less problem occur with upland rainfed rice varieties as farmers produce seeds by themselves using traditional standardization, selection and storage in each family. Sometimes, seeds are imported from Laos among the relatives. No fertilizer application is reported. In fact, upland  rice farming relies completely on soil fertility. Upland rice yield therefore is heavily dependent on soil natural fertility and rainfall regime. In the year of uneven rainfall distribution, rice is partly or  entirely lost. In function of soil fertility reduction, upland sticky rice varieties must be changed to match with the fertility level. It was reported the following sequence of USRs in declining fertility:
Khau Luong Phuong -> Nep Cam ->Nep Nuong Thom (big grain)-> Khau Pe, Nep Nuong Thom (small grain) -> Khau Tan Nuong -> Nep Nuong thuong.

Upland rain-fed rice growing in general is not promoted; it is only accepted where irrigated rice is impossible. In fact, upland rice is gradually reducing as this kind of land is used for forest re-generated. The province authorities encourage farmers to convert rice dry farming into terraces by subsidy of VND 2.5 m for making one ha of dry terraces or VND 5.0 m for transforming sloping lands into irrigated terraces. For addressing disadvantages of upland rice, alley cropping, mulching, and contour farming is encouraged. Farmers are very interest in alley cropping and intercropping. Rice straw is left on field for naturally decomposed.

Lowland sticky rices (LSR)
Sticky rice are also grown in lowlands, however their eating quality is lower and hence price is lower than USR. Lowland sticky rice is grown by Kinh, Thai and Kho Mu groups. A variety of lowland sticky rice varieties are found, however the most commonly seen in the markets are lowland Khau Tan, Nep Can Bo, C 97, IR 352, Nep Xoi thuong. Their quality and price is comparative with almost all Usrs, except the aromatic USR. The room for expanding lowland sticky rices and improving their yield is much larger than that for the upland rices. In addition, it is well known that under submergence conditions of irrigated lands, soil degradation is much reduced and soil erosion is can be avoided.

Potential for domestic consumption and export of rice commodities in Dien Bien can be summaried as follows:
Rice production of Dien Bien varies around 120 000 tonnes of paddies per year or 84 000 tonnes of milled rice (assuming the milled rice: paddies of 70 percent). With a population of 430 000 people consuming an average of 13 kg per person per month, the annual need in milled rice for self-consumption is about 67 080 tonnes. The volume of surplus milled rice is quite modest, only around 7 000 tonnes per year. There is no large room for expanding upland rain-fed rice areas, while increasing sowing areas can be enlaged by converting gentle sloping lands into terraces where water is available and large gaps between actual and potential yields of upland rices offer opportinities to improve yields through hedgerow farming, mulching, manuring, etc..

If you have any questions about rice contract or would like more information about HAI SU DIEN BIEN PHU RICE STORE , please do not hesitate to contact us.

Yours sincerely as always,
      
Manager of Export Department.

 

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